Seaports in Gdansk and Gdynia are the largest port facilities in the region. They handle almost all types of cargos and vessels. Their geographical location and market capacity make them distribution and logistic hub for the Baltic Sea and the countries of Eastern and Central Europe. The ports are also important link in transport route connecting Scandinavian countries with the countries of Southern Europe, in particular the Adriatic and the Black Sea. All planned port infrastructure projects and those already under the way are of great importance to foreign investors.
The Gdansk port is a major international transportation hub situated in the central part of the southern Baltic coast, which ranks among Europe's fastest growing regions. According to the strategy of EU, the Port of Gdansk plays a significant role as a key link in the Trans-European Transport Corridor No. 6 connecting the Nordic countries with Southern and Eastern Europe.
The Port of Gdansk is comprised of two principal areas with naturally diverse operational parameters:
- the Inner Port stretched along the Dead Vistula and the Port Canal,
- the Northern Port with direct access to the Gulf of Gdansk.
The Inner Port offers a comprehensive range of terminals and facilities designed to handling containerised cargo, passenger ferries and Ro-Ro vessels, passenger cars and citrus fruit, sulphur, phosphorites and other bulk cargo. The other quays fitted with versatile equipment and infrastructure are universal in use and enable the handling of conventional general as well as bulk cargo such as rolled steel products, oversize and heavy lifts, grain, artificial fertilizers, ore and coal.
The Inner port can handle the vessels up to the following parameters - deadweight of 10.2 m and length of 225 m.
The Northern Port performs its operations on piers, quays and cargo handling jetties situated immediately on the waters of the Gulf of Gdansk. This section of the port offers state-of-the-art facilities suited to handling energy raw materials such as liquid fuels, coal and liquefied gas. This particular port section can handle vessels of the following parameters; 220 - 765 m and deadweight of 15 m. The Northern Port also accommodates modern Deepwater Container Terminal.
The volume of cargo handling in Port of Gdansk for 2004-2008 (in mln tonnes)
The volume of container handling in Port of Gdansk for 2004-2008(in TEU)
Number of passengers in the port of Gdansk for 2004-2008
The Port of Gdynia specialises in handling containers. There are two container terminals: Baltic Terminal Container Ltd, and Gdynia Container Terminal Co. The port also handles general cargo, bulk cargo and ro – ro vessels.
The roadstead is naturally protected by Hel Peninsula with an outer breakwater of 2.5 km, which gives protection for ships anchored in the port. The main port entrance of 150 metres wide with a depth of 14.0 metres makes the port easily accessible.
The volume of cargo handling in Gdynia 2004-2007 (in mln tonnes)
The volume of container handling in Gdynia 2004-2008 ( TEU)
Apart form the two main seaports, the region has a number of smaller ports - Ustka, Leba, Władysławowo, Jastarnia, Hel, Puck and 2 ports in Krynica Morska. They are mostly fishing ports or passenger ferry ports.
At present, the region has one passenger airport – Lech Walesa Airport in Gdansk. As a civil airport, it has all licences allowing all types of commercial passenger and cargo flights as well as general aviation operations including business flights. Thanks to its strategic location, the airport may provide its services not only to the region’s population but also to that of many other regions.
Passengers handling in 2004-2008 (in thousands)
The growing role of Gdansk Airport is reflected in the growth rate of a number of passengers. In 1991 the airport had 78 thousand of passengers whereas in 2007 the figure reached 1 715 thousand. Over the recent years there was also a growth of cargo handling at the airport.
The volume of cargo handling in 2004 - 2008 ( in tonnes)
There are a few old military airports which local governments intend to convert into civil airports. The Board of Vovodeship has addressed the need to examine current potential of aviation market and its future prospects by commissioning “Study of strategic development of airport network in Pomorskie Voivodeship by 2025”. The study covers market research of passenger and cargo traffic, a market forecast for passenger and cargo traffic as well as for general aviation in the region. The study also gives a list of aviation infrastructure objects that make up the region’s airport network and it sets out necessary investments projects to be carried out in the next few years.
Pomerania region is located at the crossroads of two key European routs:
- Transport Corridor I A (Helsinki - Tallin - Ryga - Kaliningrad - Gdańsk), which is a part of Transport Corridor I (Helsinki-Tallinn-Riga-Kaunas-Warsaw) ;
- Corridor IV (Gdańsk –Katowice –Zylina) connecting Scandinavia and the central part of Eastern Europe with Mediterranean Sea.
Roads of national and international significance:
- A1 Motorway – linking TriCIty with Grudziądz ( by 2012 the motorway will connect the north with the south of Poland), a road will constitute a part of international route E75 leading to the Mediterranean countries;
- National Road no.1 (E 75) – connecting the north of Poland (Gdansk) with the south (Cieszyn);
- National road no. 6 (E 28) connecting TriCity with Germany (via Szczecin);
- National road no.7 ( E77/ E 28) connecting TriCity with Warsow;
- National road no.20 – connecting the region with Zachodniopomorskie Voivodeship;
- National road no.22 – connecting Poland’s border crossing with Russia in Grzchotki with the border crossing with Germany in Kostrzyn;
- National road no.21- connecting the national road no.6 with the national road no.20;
- National Road no 55 - leading to Grudziadz on the right side of the Vistula.
To make the traffic in the region easier, and most of all to make the ports more accessible, the following investments are planned in the region:
- The construction of Sothern Ring Road of Gdansk. The investment will make it possible to move the transit traffic out of the city and improve road connections between the Port facilities in Gdynia and Gdansk, TriCity Ring Road (S6) and A1 Motorway;
- The modernisation of the national road no.7 ( Gdansk- Warszawa) so as to upgrade it to the standards of an express road;
- The modernisation of the national road no.6 (Gdynia- Szczecin) so as to upgrade it to the standards of an express road;
- The construction of the bridge over the Vistula River– near Kwidzyn, linking directly the national road no 1 and no. 55, which will facilitate transit traffic relief to Gdansk- Malbork route and will enable access to A1 Motorway.
Railway connections in the region are very convenient transport mode for cargo goods, among others, for inbound and outbound transportation from the Seaports. Apart from the local routs, the region has four railway connections which are of international significance:
- Gdansk via Szczecin running to the border with Germany;
- Gdansk via Warsaw, and Kraków to the border with Czech Republic and Slovakia;
- Gdansk via Bydgoszcz, Lodz and Katowice to Poland’s western and southern borders;
- Gdansk via Olsztyn to Kalingrad or to Bialorus via Bialystok;
All the railway lines make up integral parts of pan European transport corridors.