Pomorskie is one of Poland’s 16 voivodships and one of three located on the Baltic Sea. In the north it neighbours with Nordic countries, in the east with Kaliningrad Oblast of the Russian Federation.
In Poland’s administration system the voivodship borders with other Polish voivodships: Zachodniopomorskie, Wielkopolskie, Kujawsko-Pomorskie and Warmińsko-Mazurskie.
The voivodship area is 18 300 km2, which represents 5.9% of Poland’s area.
The Pomeranian population is 2.19 million, which is 5.8% of Poland’s population. The average population density is 120 persons per square km. On the national scale Pomorskie belongs to middle size voivodships both for its area and population.
In Pomorskie the highest birth rate has been noted – in 2005 the rate was 2.2 per 1000 inhabitants – as well as one of the highest internal and external migration balances. With its natural advantages the region is perceived as one of the most attractive places for living in Poland. The opinion is shared by many foreigners who come here in growing numbers and purchase properties in the region.
In the 42 towns in the region live almost 68% of the Pomeranian population. The undisputed centre of the region and also of northern Poland is the Tri-City conurbation of Gdańsk, Sopot and Gdynia. The three towns have naturally split their functions; the main business operations are concentrated in Gdańsk and Gdynia. Gdańsk is the capital city of the region and also its biggest town with 461,000 inhabitants. Gdynia is a symbol of local government success in Poland and dynamic economic development. Sopot with its spa status is not only a nationally known vacation resort but also a popular place for companies operating in the modern technology sector.
The Tri-City conurbation is home to one third of the voivodship’s population, 753,000 people. It is where the economic potential of the region is concentrated (49.1% of the regional gross product), the main transport hub, a university centre, and an industrial and trade centre with an exhibition and fair facility, and consulates and secretariats of many international organisations.
The third biggest town in the region is Słupsk – 98,700 inhabitants – which is the main city in the western part of the voivodship.
Wejherowo, Reda and Rumia make together a so-called “Little Tri-City” with a population of 106,000.
Towns that are capitals of poviats play a significant role in the social and economic perspective: Tczew (60,100 inhabitants), the location of one of the biggest investments in the high-tech sector, Flextronics International Poland Ltd.; Starogard Gdański (48,900 inhabitants); Chojnice (39,400 inhabitants); Kwidzyn (37,400 inhabitants).